History of the Navy Birthday
The Navy’s Birthday is a holiday which is celebrated in the United States by those who currently serve, are related to someone who currently serves, or by those who may have once served in the United States Navy. This day falls on October 13th and celebrates this branch’s establishment in 1775.
When is Navy Birthday?
This year (2018) October 13 (Saturday)
At the start of the Revolutionary War, the United States didn’t have a full-time navy. In fact, the defense of America’s coastlines was mainly left up to the Navy of Massachusetts. However, the Continental Congress decided that establishing a national navy was worth investigating and congressmen began to take sides on both sides of the issue. Proponents of establishing a navy felt that a national navy would do a better job of protecting shipping and defending the coast. Opponents felt that it would be impossible to erect a navy that could compete with the British Royal Navy. The matter was eventually decided when George Washington decided to commission the schooner, the USS Hannah on October 13th, 1775.
The effect of the Continental Navy was sort of a mixed bag. While it was occasionally successful at intercepting and raiding British merchant vessels, it also lost as many of its own ships as it captured of the enemies. By the end of the war, the Continental Navy was a mere shell of its former self and was eventually disbanded. It would be another ten years before the United States would reestablish the navy.
However, not having a standing navy left the United States open to attacks by Barbary pirates. While the U.S did have the U.S. Revenue Cutter Service (USRCS) during the 1790s, which was the predecessor to today’s Coast Guard, but they weren’t sufficient to defend the coast against these pirates. Fortunately, The Naval Act was established in October of 1797 and this would become the navy as we know it today. By 1800, three ships had been commissioned and pressed into service. These three ships were the USS Constitution, USS United States and the USS Constellation.
The Navy’s Birthday was established as an official holiday when Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt authorized the recognition of October 13th as the official birthday of the United States Navy in 1972. It was designed as an internal holiday for current naval members, former naval members and dependents of both active service and retired members.